Glucose

Glucose is a type of sugar that is the main source of energy for the body’s cells. The level of glucose in the blood is tightly regulated by hormones such as insulin and glucagon.

A glucose blood test measures the amount of glucose in the blood. The test is usually performed as part of a routine blood test called a Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP) or as a separate test to screen for or monitor conditions such as diabetes.

Normal fasting blood glucose levels are typically in the range of 70-100 mg/dL. Higher than normal levels (hyperglycemia) can be seen in conditions such as diabetes, while lower than normal levels (hypoglycemia) can be seen in conditions such as insulinoma, an overactive adrenal gland, or excessive insulin therapy in people with diabetes.

It is important to interpret the results of a glucose test in the context of a person’s medical history, symptoms, and other laboratory tests to accurately diagnose and manage conditions related to blood glucose levels.

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