Vitamin Deficiency Blood Test

$159.00

Category:
  1. Vitamin D deficiency: can lead to weakened bones, increased risk of fractures, and other health problems.
  2. Vitamin B12 deficiency: can cause anemia, nerve damage, and other health problems.
  3. Vitamin C deficiency: can lead to scurvy, a condition characterized by fatigue, weakness, and other symptoms.
  4. Vitamin A deficiency: can cause vision problems, weakened immunity, and other health issues.
  5. Folate (vitamin B9) deficiency: can lead to anemia, birth defects, and other health problems.
  6. Vitamin E deficiency: can cause nerve damage, muscle weakness, and other health issues.

FAQs

Specimen Requirements :

SST tube of blood, serum

Turn Around Time :

    5 to 24 hours

Price For Test :

    Price: $159

Overview of Vitamin Deficiency

Vitamin deficiencies occur when a person doesn’t consume enough of a particular vitamin or the body doesn’t properly absorb or utilize the vitamin. Some common vitamin deficiencies include:

  1. Vitamin D deficiency: can lead to weakened bones, increased risk of fractures, and other health problems.

  2. Vitamin B12 deficiency: can cause anemia, nerve damage, and other health problems.

  3. Vitamin C deficiency: can lead to scurvy, a condition characterized by fatigue, weakness, and other symptoms.

  4. Vitamin A deficiency: can cause vision problems, weakened immunity, and other health issues.

  5. Folate (vitamin B9) deficiency: can lead to anemia, birth defects, and other health problems.

  6. Vitamin E deficiency: can cause nerve damage, muscle weakness, and other health issues.

Vitamin deficiencies can be diagnosed through blood tests and may be treated with vitamin supplements or changes to the diet. It’s important to talk to a healthcare provider if you suspect a vitamin deficiency, as untreated deficiencies can have serious health consequences.

Analytes Tested In The Vitamin Deficiency Blood Test

3 Analytes

  1. Folic Acid
  2. Vitamin B12
  3. Vitamin D
Folic Acid

Folic acid, also known as folate or vitamin B9, is an essential nutrient that plays several important roles in the body, including:

  1. DNA synthesis and repair: Folic acid is involved in the production and maintenance of DNA, the genetic material that encodes instructions for the body’s cells.

  2. Red blood cell formation: Folic acid is necessary for the formation of red blood cells, which carry oxygen throughout the body.

  3. Neural tube development: Folic acid is critical for the proper development of the neural tube in a developing fetus, which eventually becomes the baby’s brain and spinal cord.

  4. Amino acid metabolism: Folic acid is involved in the metabolism of amino acids, the building blocks of proteins.

A deficiency in folic acid can lead to anemia, birth defects, and other health problems. Good dietary sources of folic acid include leafy green vegetables, citrus fruits, beans, and fortified cereals and breads. Folic acid supplements may also be recommended for certain individuals, such as pregnant women, to help prevent birth defects.

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, is a B-vitamin that plays an important role in many of the body’s processes, including the formation of red blood cells, the proper functioning of the nervous system, and the synthesis of DNA. A deficiency in Vitamin B12 can lead to a type of anemia called megaloblastic anemia and can also cause nerve damage. Vitamin B12 is found in animal-derived foods such as meat, poultry, fish, and dairy products, and can also be obtained through dietary supplements and fortified foods. Blood tests to measure Vitamin B12 levels are used to diagnose deficiencies and monitor treatment. Vitamin B12 levels can also be influenced by certain medical conditions and medications, so it is important to interpret test results in the context of a person’s overall medical history and clinical picture.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for the absorption of calcium, which is necessary for strong bones and teeth. It also plays a role in regulating the immune system and maintaining healthy muscle function. Vitamin D can be obtained through exposure to sunlight, certain foods such as fatty fish, eggs and mushrooms, and also through supplements.

Calcium is one of the main building blocks of bone. A lack of vitamin D can lead to bone diseases such as osteoporosis or rickets. Vitamin D also has a role in your nerve, muscle, and immune systems.

You can get vitamin D in three ways: through your skin, from your diet, and from supplements. Your body forms vitamin D naturally after exposure to sunlight. However, too much sun exposure can lead to skin aging and skin cancer. So many people try to get their vitamin D from other sources.

Vitamin D-rich foods include egg yolks, saltwater fish, and liver. Some other foods, like milk and cereal, often have added vitamin D.

You can also take vitamin D supplements. Check with your health care provider to see how much you should take. People who might need extra vitamin D include:

  • Older adults
  • Breastfed infants
  • People with dark skin
  • People with certain conditions, such as liver diseases, cystic fibrosis and Crohn’s disease
  • People who have obesity or have had gastric bypass surgery
What Do The Vitamin D Results Mean?

The result will give you a total Vitamin D number.

If your total vitamin D level shows a vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency, it may mean you:

  • Don’t get enough vitamin D from your diet and/or exposure to sunlight.
  • Have trouble absorbing vitamin D in your food, which may be a sign of a malabsorption disorder.
  • Have trouble changing vitamin D into a form your body can use, which may be a sign of kidney or liver disease.

The treatment for low vitamin D levels is usually supplements and/or dietary changes. This is usually safer than getting more sun, which may cause skin cancer.

If your total vitamin D level shows you have too much vitamin D, it is most likely from getting too much from supplements. This is very uncommon, but if it happens, you’ll need to stop taking these supplements to reduce your vitamin D levels. Too much vitamin D can cause serious damage to your organs and blood vessels. If you take vitamin D supplements, ask your provider what dose is right for you.

To learn what your vitamin D test results mean, talk with your provider.

Function Of Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12, like the other B vitamins, is important for protein metabolism. It helps in the formation of red blood cells and in the maintenance of the central nervous system.

Low levels of B12 can cause:

  • Anemia
  • Loss of balance
  • Numbness or tingling in the arms and legs
  • Weakness
Test Results For The Vitamin B12 Blood Test

Normal Results
Normal values are 160 to 950 picograms per milliliter (pg/mL), or 118 to 701 picomoles per liter (pmol/L).

Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or may test different samples. Talk to your provider about what your specific test results mean.

What Abnormal Results Mean
Values of less than 160 pg/mL (118 pmol/L) are a possible sign of a vitamin B12 deficiency. People with this deficiency are likely to have or develop symptoms.

Older adults with a vitamin B12 level less than 100 pg/mL (74 pmol/L) may also have symptoms. Deficiency should be confirmed by checking the level of a substance in the blood called methylmalonic acid. A high level indicates a true B12 deficiency.

Causes of Vitamin B12 Deficiency

Causes of vitamin B12 deficiency include:

  • Are over the age of 50.
  • Not enough vitamin B12 in diet (rare, except with a strict vegetarian diet).
  • Have had stomach or intestinal surgery, such as weight loss surgery.
  • Diseases that cause malabsorption (for example, celiac disease and Crohn disease).
  • Lack of intrinsic factor, a protein that helps the intestine absorb vitamin B12.
  • Above normal heat production (for example, with hyperthyroidism).
  • Pregnancy

An increased vitamin B12 level is uncommon. Usually, excess vitamin B12 is removed in the urine.

Conditions that can increase B12 level include:

  • Liver disease (such as cirrhosis or hepatitis).
  • Myeloproliferative disorders (for example, polycythemia vera and chronic myelogenous leukemia).
Recommendations For Vitamin B12

Recommendations for vitamin B12, as well as other nutrients, are provided in the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) developed by the Food and Nutrition Board at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. DRI is a term for a set of reference intakes that are used to plan and assess the nutrient intakes of healthy people. These values, which vary by age and sex, include:

Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA): The average daily level of intake that is enough to meet the nutrient needs of nearly all (97% to 98%) healthy people. An RDA is an intake level based on scientific research evidence.

Adequate Intake (AI): This level is established when there is not enough scientific research evidence to develop an RDA. It is set at a level that is thought to ensure enough nutrition.

Dietary reference intakes for vitamin B12:

Infants (AI)

  • 0 to 6 months: 0.4 micrograms per day (mcg/day)
  • 7 to 12 months: 0.5 mcg/day

Children (RDA)

  • 1 to 3 years: 0.9 mcg/day
  • 4 to 8 years: 1.2 mcg/day
  • 9 to 13 years: 1.8 mcg/day

Adolescents and Adults (RDA)

  • Males and females age 14 and older: 2.4 mcg/day
  • Pregnant teens and women: 2.6 mcg/day
  • Breastfeeding teens and women: 2.8 mcg/day

The best way to meet your body’s vitamin B12 needs is to eat a wide variety of animal products.

Supplemental vitamin B12 can be found in the following:

  • Almost all multivitamins. Vitamin B12 is better absorbed by the body when it is taken along with other B vitamins, such as niacin, riboflavin, and vitamin B6, along with magnesium.
  • A prescription form of vitamin B12 can be given by injection or as a nasal gel.
  • Vitamin B12 is also available in a form that dissolves under the tongue (sublingual).
Specimen Requirements

SST tube of blood, serum

Turn Around Time

5 to 24 hours

Price For Test

Price: $159